Fashion Influences from WWI
Hello again! It's been some time since I have written, and today I wanted to talk about the influence WWI had on women's fashion.
Before the War:
Fashion in the 1900-1910s was often referred to as, “The Age of Opulence.” Paris was the reigning monopoly of Western fashion. In 1908, led by the popular designer Paul Poiret, the idea of the natural figure was reintroduced in Paris, and introduced to Western fashion. Rather than creating new designs, New York focused on producing popular Parisian styles. While not far behind, in 1909 they were still producing the S-shaped silhouette and flared skirt that had been rejected by fashionable Europeans a year before.
"Age of Opulence"
By 1915 the war began to impact fashion. Several designers introduced military influences, such as cut and pockets, to their designs for women’s day-wear. Fashion now was beginning to accommodate the everyday, average income woman, instead of the wealthy. Tunics, which were popular with the upper-class a few years before, were lengthened so as to replace the restrictive hobble skirt. These new skirts were fuller, and by 1916 hemlines had raised to several inches above the ankle. As such, elaborate petticoats returned, and jackets loosened. This created freedom of movement and comfort, especially helpful to those going to work. Yet, certain jobs required trousers and bloomer dresses to replace skirts. Jumper blouses also became popular for their versatility. Evening-wear had become impractical, and clothing requiring elaborate care became a hassle for women.
After the War:
By 1918, slim-line shapes became popular again, never returning to full hobble skirt style. World War I fashion was manifested by a contrast of slim lines and loose-fitting tops, and women’s fashion was a stylish fusion of prewar minimalism and wartime practicality and shaping.
I hope you enjoyed this post! It's always interesting to see how heavily world events can impact the fashion industry and influence designing choices. If you would like to read more, all my research came from this very interesting study:
Haight, Bethany L., "The Impact of World War I on American Women’s Fashion" (2014). Honors Senior Theses/Projects. 16.